Once you arrive in the operating room for your lap band procedure, the nurse will have you move onto the operating room bed. The anesthesiologist or CRNA will start placing monitors on you, and the circulating nurse might be placing SCD's on your legs or feet. After all monitors are placed, the anesthesiologist or CRNA will start having you breath oxygen through an oxygen mask. Soon after, you will start getting medication through your IV to make you unconscious. You will be receiving general anesthesia for this procedure which means you will have a breathing tube placed. Once the medication has taken effect and you are unconscious, the anesthesiologist or CRNA will insert the breathing tube. After the breathing tube is in place, you will be positioned and prepped for surgery. If you are a male, your abdomen will probably be shaved. You may have a catheter placed in your bladder to drain urine. The circulating nurse will then "prep" your abdomen with a betadine or chlorhexidine gluconate antiseptic antimicrobial skin cleanser.
Once your abdomen is prepped with the skin cleanser, the surgical team will begin to place sterile drapes over you. You will be covered completely with these sterile drapes except for the area in which they will be making the incisions. After all the drapes are on, and all the equipment the surgeon will be using is hooked up and ready to go, the lap band procedure will begin.
The surgeon will start by making various small cuts in your abdomen. These incisions will be used to put the laparoscope and laparoscopic instruments through. Co2 gas is pumped within in order to inflate your abdomen; this is done so it will be much easier for the surgeon to see. The surgeon uses the laparoscope to see within your abdomen without needing to make a major incision and open your belly. The surgeon will be viewing a monitor which the video coming from the laparoscope will be sent to through the lap band procedure.
A unique adjustable round band will be introduced through one of the little incision sites, and precisely placed surrounding the top part of your stomach utilizing the laparoscopic instruments. After the band is positioned at the appropriate position, it is fastened in place. An access port that's connected to the band with special tubing will then be placed into the abdomen wall. This access port is placed to where it can be later utilized to regulate the band. By using a special needle and syringe to increase or take away saline, the band will become tight or loose. Once the band and port are secured, the incisions are closed with either staples or stitches.
When the lap band procedure has ended the anesthesiologist or CRNA will wake you up. You may hear them requesting that you open up your mouth or squeeze their hand. They do this to ensure that you are alert enough to breath without any help before they remove the breathing tube. They should then take the breathing tube out. You are going to be moved on to a stretcher and they'll wheel you in to the recovery area or PACU (post anesthesia care unit).